Saturday, May 23, 2020

Plato s Theory Of Form - 1111 Words

Plato coined the term â€Å"Socratic questioning† to encourage the open discussion of philosophical theory for the purpose of improving said theory. Aristotle took advantage of the practice of Socratic questioning to inquire about Plato’s theory of Form and its explanation of causality in comparison to Aristotle’s own theories of causality and being. Aristotle criticizes Plato’s theory of Form because it only accounted for a one-dimensional explanation of what things are made up of and what identifies them. Aristotle offers his own explanations of causality and being through his four causes and his categories of being in an attempt to rectify Plato’s perceived failures. In Metaphysics 1.3 and 1.6 Aristotle criticizes Plato’s theory of forms, specifically his accounts of causality. In order to understand why Aristotle disagrees so wholeheartedly with Plato’s theories it is important to understand Aristotle’s own theories on causality. Aristotle claimed that there were four causes that explain what something is, what made it exist, and why it exists. The first is the material form which accounts for the materials a thing is made of, next is the efficient form which is the force that pushes the thing into existence, the third is the formal form which is the essence or function of the thing in question, and the last is the final form which is the purpose for which the thing in question exists. In the example of a house the material form is the wood, concrete, and insulation thatShow MoreRelatedPlato s Theory Of Forms Essay1427 Words   |  6 Pages Plato was a standout amongst the most innovative and persuasive masterminds in Weste rn philosophy, his impact all through the historical backdrop of philosophy has been monumental. Born around 428 B.C, he researched an extensive variety of topics; however, his Theory of Forms, found in The Republic, is an essential piece of Plato s philosophy. This is the center thought behind Plato s theory of forms, from this thought he moves towards clarifying his universe of forms or ideas. While tryingRead MorePlato s Theory Of Forms1629 Words   |  7 Pagesfew philosophical theories are as essential as the theory of Forms. This is besides the fact that it is generally overlooked in many of Plato’s writings even though it lays the foundations to many other theories of his. The Republic is where the theory is first mentioned, followed by discussion in Phaedo and criticized in Parmenides and Timaeus thereafter. (These works will be further discussed later throughout the essay.) Plato’s theory of Forms, (sometimes referred to as the theory of Ideas) statesRead MorePlato s Theory Of The Forms1704 Words   |  7 Pages Plato’s Theory of the Forms Travis Meyer PHI 1090 Introduction to Philosophy 12/16/2015 Plato was a Greek philosopher, mathematician, and theologian who lived from 424 BC to 348 BC in Athens, Greece. Plato was born into a high class family in Greece and therefore was very active in the Athenian community since he was from a high status family. He was the founder of the Academy in Athens, the first institution of higher learning in the Western world. He is known to be one of the bestRead MorePlato s Theory Of Forms1556 Words   |  7 PagesPlato’s theory of Forms as presented in the Phaedo. Plato has an idea that all ideas are merely abstract thoughts, and what we perceive with our senses is actually an imperfect version of these abstract thoughts. This is the basic idea of Plato’s theory of the Forms. To best illustrate the theory of the Forms to others, Plato explains his famous Allegory of the Cave. From the groundwork of the Forms, Plato goes on in Phaedo to argue the immortality of the soul. He intertwines the theory of the FormsRead MoreQuestions On Plato s Theory Of The Forms1875 Words   |  8 Pagesevaluate Plato s response to the problem of the One and the Many. To do this, I will outline briefly the emergence of this problem in Greek thought in order to further understand and contextualise Plato s theory of the Forms. I shall then offer criticisms of his theory, both positive and negative, with particular regard for the ontological, epistemological, and cosmological consequences of subscribing to the Forms. I shall then conclude whether or not the me taphysical system constructed by Plato is aRead MoreThe Form Of Truth : Plato s Theory Of Knowledge893 Words   |  4 PagesProfessor Jones-Cathcart Philosophy 101 16 February 2016 The Form of Truth The physical world only has one constant - change. The human senses give an idea of the present reality. However, seeing is not believing. The perception we develop through the senses (seeing, smelling, tasting, touching, and hearing) does not consist of real truth. Real truth is not what is in front of us, but of absolute concepts and unchanging truths. Plato encouraged looking past what is directly visible in order toRead MoreThe Theory Of The Forms Figures Into Plato s / Socrates Reflections1471 Words   |  6 PagesIntroduction Forms are necessary or essential properties of a particular or thing. According to Socrates, these forms have properties which give them a certain causal power. Using the concept of Forms, he systematically constructs an argument in an attempt to prove that the soul exists and must always exist. Although, his complete conception of Forms is not captured in the Phaedo, We can still use this dialectic to address his arguments. In this paper, I will attempt to describe the Forms. To do thisRead MoreSocrates s Quest Of Truth1337 Words   |  6 PagesBorn in Athens in 437 B.C, Greek philosopher Plato is one of the most powerful thinkers in history. Coming from Greek aristocracy, Plato had political ambitions as a young man and appeared to follow the family tradition. However, Socrates and his dialectical method of inquiry, which was to question and answer everything to show ignorance, soon captivated Plato. Socrates spent most of his time in the streets and marketplace of Athens, approaching people like the sophist and other powerful leadersRead MoreA Life Sketch of Plato and His Works905 Words   |  4 PagesGreek philosophers, Plato must remain the best known of all the Greeks. The original name of this Athenian aristocrat was Aristiclis, but in his school days he received the nickname Platon (meaning broad) because of his broad shoulders. Plato was born in Athens, Greece to one of the oldest and most distinguished families in the city. He lived with his mother, Perictione, and his father, Ariston (Until Ariston died.) Born in an aristocratic and rich family, Plato s childhood was indulgedRead MoreExplain the Criticisms of Platos Theory of the Forms.1584 Words   |  7 PagesPlatos theory of forms, also called his theory of ideas, states that there is another world, separate from the material world that we live in called the eternal world of forms. This world, to Plato, is more real than the one we live in. His theory is shown in his Allegory of the Cave (from The Republic, Book VII), where the prisoners only live in what they think is a real world, but really it is a shadow of reality. According to Plato, to the prisoners in the allegory and to humanity in the material

Monday, May 18, 2020

Contemporary Issues in Criminal Justice - 1817 Words

The United States Criminal Justice System is a fundmental part to society that focuses on protecting citizens in the United States Constiution as well as ensuring each individual is law adbiding law and not commiting serious acts of crimes. Each law was put in state and federal statues to ensure it continues and as time has changed some of the laws have not changed. In present day, the criminal justice system faces comptemporary issues as well as trends that not only affect today but in the future and how important each member of society hold a significant value to the criminal justice system. For many decades the criminal justice system has endured many issues and problems that are currently questioning exactly how fair United States†¦show more content†¦The death penalty has many advantages and disadvantages and the criminal justice system is constantly fighting the battle to keep it alive and well. Prison overcrowding is another contemporary issue that is currently affecting the criminal justice throughout the United States. Society is aware of the consequences involving committing a crime, however for offenses that are considered non-violent and the offender who has not been in trouble with the law in the past faces severe punishment such as a violent offender. Drug offenses is one crime that caused correctional facilities population to skyrocket and instead of finding the best alternative for punishment prisons face an unkinown number of crimes within the facilities. In the State of Oklahoma, approximately 26, 539 offenders are incarcerated in priosn whereas probation has a population of 21,085(American Legislative Exchange Council,2014). Statewide Harm Reduction Coalition(n.d.) states,† Prior to the current prohibition era the U.S. Prison population was a quarter of what it is today. But 30 years ago the â€Å"War on Drugs† was launched. Before that the priso n population had been level for over 5 decades. 70 to 75% of people in prison are drug war prisoners. Drug use, arrest and incarceration rates along with data on sentenceShow MoreRelatedContemporary Issues in Criminal Justice1832 Words   |  8 Pageshave been an ongoing struggle for women in policing and it continues in today. I will be discussing this issue and will assess its past, present and future implications as they relate to the Criminal Justice System. I will be discussing my assessment of the past history and present circumstances of woman in policing. I will also include my predictions and recommendation of how these issues should be addressed by the police and prosecutor in the future. Implications Dating back to the 1970s sexismRead MoreContemporary Cultural Diversity Issues in Criminal Justice Essays1019 Words   |  5 Pagesnotice the wide variety of cultures that with the years have come to share this land with Americans. With the increase of diversity in the country, comes a wide variety of issues facing all sectors. In the criminal justice sector we see issues such as racial profiling, discrimination amongst others. In this paper the issues of excessive force against minorities and discrimination will be discuss with examples from recent years that have made the news. On the morning of December 19, 2007Read MoreCriminal Justice Trends Evnaluatio1253 Words   |  6 PagesCriminal Justice Trends Evaluation 1 Criminal Justice Trends Evaluation December 10, 2012 CJA/394 Troy Hokanson Criminal Justice Trends Evaluation 2 Introduction The criminal justice system is very important to American society. The reason for laws are to defend society from harm, makeRead MoreCriminal Justice Trends Evaluation1530 Words   |  7 PagesCriminal Justice Trends Evaluation University of Phoenix Contemporary Issues and Future in Criminal Justice People in society continuously change therefore people continue to evolve as our perceptions change. In this paper the student will assess the past, present, and future trends in the interface between elements of the criminal justice system. In the assessment the student will evaluate the criminal justice connections with surrounding society. The student will identifyRead MoreCriminal Justice1385 Words   |  6 PagesCriminal Justice Trends Criminal justice Criminal Justice Trends Criminal justice field is growing every day. It grows with the help of technology and society. When the technology evolves and society grows the criminal justice has to evolve and grow to fit the society needs. Whether it is an easy or hard change the criminal justice system never fails us. With any state the criminal justice system is to protect and serve the community so the more it evolves the more the system has to. The followingRead MoreThe Royal Commission Into Aboriginal Deaths955 Words   |  4 PagesTorres Strait Islander people in the Criminal Justice system and provided detailed analysis of underlying factors. The reports findings were believed to be the foundation of change. However, regardless of a range of policy changes and crime prevention programs in repose to the report, over representation in the criminal justice system remains. The issue is one of the most significant social justice and public policy issue in the contemporary Australian criminal justice system. T he RCIADIC made 339 recommendationsRead MoreExplore the reasons why victim participation creates tension and conflict in the contemporary criminal justice system.1374 Words   |  6 PagesLiterature Review Explore the reasons why victim participation creates tension and conflict in the contemporary criminal justice system. Introduction The purpose of this literature review is to explore the impact of victim statements in the contemporary criminal justice system and observe how it can create tension and conflict in the courtroom between the victim, and the courts process itself. There are two pieces of literature used as the focal point of this review, they are; Tracey Booth’sRead MoreThe Criminal Justice System1700 Words   |  7 PagesIn order for the Criminal Justice System to effectively deter crime, it is imperative to understand what causes crime, understand why crime exists and why offenders engage in criminal behaviour. In the 18th century criminologists such as Jeremy Bentham, Cesare Bonesana-Beccaria and Cesare Lombroso all established criminological theories, in an attempt to achieve this goal. The most influential theories are known as the Classical and Positivist perspectives. Both of these theories have had a long-termRead MoreThe Impact Of New Technology On Criminal Justice System1458 Words   |  6 PagesTechnologies on Criminal Justice and Corrections Our criminal justice system is very important to society. The reason for having laws is to defend society from harm, and to ensure that each person is kept safe, as well as to receive fair treatment. The criminal justice system works to defend the innocent and to punish the guilty without risking denial of an individual’s basic human rights. The past, present and future trends involved in the interface between components of the criminal justice systemRead MoreCriminal Justice Trends Evaluation1581 Words   |  7 Pages394 WEEK 1 Criminal Justice Trends Evaluation Criminal Justice Trends Evaluation John Doe CJA 394 October 01, 2001 Jane Doedy Criminal Justice Trends Evaluation The criminal justice system is forever adjusting to protect and serve a changing society. The paper evaluates, identifies and assesses recent future and current trends affecting the criminal justice system. Lastly, it defines the values of the system in a changing society. Recent trends affecting the criminal justice system are

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

Communication Is The Most Effective Form Of Business...

In a work environment communication is major factor. There are two forms of communication: oral communication and written communication. Oral Communication is the process of verbally transmitting to give and exchange information to another person (or people). Oral communication can be formal or informal. Formal types of oral communication are business lectures, presentations at business meetings, commencement speeches. Informal types of oral communication are discussions that take place in a business meeting, telephone conversations or face-to-face conversations. Oral communication has adapted along with technology allowing teleconferences, video chat. Most work places had adapted to using video conferences and teleconferences using a network to reach any and all stakeholders in any location. Written communication is the most important communication in a workplace. Written communication involves any type of message that makes use of the written word. Written communication is also th e most effective form of business communication. Examples of written communication in a workplace include: email, letters, proposals, contracts, brochures and advertisement, internet websites, faxes, newsletters. When communicating in a workplace understanding who your audience is can help determine the tools and forms and information you use and give to communicate. First understanding the subject and what your audience knows and needs to know can help you communicate appropriately. YourShow MoreRelatedCommunication Is The Most Effective Form Of Business Communication949 Words   |  4 Pagesenvironment communication is major factor. There are two forms of communication: oral communication and written communication. Oral Communication is the process of verbally transmitting to give and exchange information to another person (or people). Oral communication can be formal or informal. Formal types of oral communication are business lectures, presentations at business meetings, commencement speeches. Informal types of oral communication are discussions that take place in a business meeting,Read MoreOrganizational Communication Essay1188 Words   |  5 Pagesslogan of global village, communicat ion has become a burning issue. The world has turned into a global village, and one cannot survive alone. As man is a social animal, he cannot overcome worldly activities alone. For the fulfillment of daily activities and usual deeds, he needs help from other people and have to communicate with others. Infect, in habitual life everyone spend a lot of time in communicating i.e. writing, reading, talking and listening. People spent most of their time in communicatingRead MoreIndustrial and Organizational Psychology1680 Words   |  7 PagesINTRODUCTION Effective Communication is significant for managers in the organizations so as to perform the basic functions of management, i.e., Planning, Organizing, Leading and Controlling. Communication helps managers to perform their jobs and responsibilities. Communication serves as a foundation for planning. All the essential information must be communicated to the managers who in-turn must communicate the plans so as to implement them. Organizing also requires effective communication with othersRead MoreIndustrial and Organizational Psychology1680 Words   |  7 PagesINTRODUCTION Effective Communication is significant for managers in the organizations so as to perform the basic functions of management, i.e., Planning, Organizing, Leading and Controlling. Communication helps managers to perform their jobs and responsibilities. Communication serves as a foundation for planning. All the essential information must be communicated to the managers who in-turn must communicate the plans so as to implement them. Organizing also requires effective communication with othersRead MoreCommunication Process1412 Words   |  6 PagesCommunication can best be summarized as the transmission of a message from a sender to a receiver in an understandable manner. The importance of effective communication is immeasurable in the world of business and in personal life. From a business perspective, effective communication is an absolute must, because it commonly accounts for the difference between success and failure or profit and loss. It has become clear that effective business co mmunication is critical to the successful operation ofRead MoreThe Importance Of Nonverbal Communication1056 Words   |  5 PagesCommunication has been described as a flow of information between two parties principally between a source and a receiver. Communication is a any behavioral approach that can come in the verbal, nonverbal or graphic form that is sent by one and receive by another. Communication demonstrates our ability to interact and influence others in a useful way. Successful people are not only proficient in their own fields but also communication oriented and possessed a quality to demonstrate professional behaviorRead MoreEffective Communication For A Managerial Level1587 Words   |  7 PagesIt is critical to develop communication on a managerial level and to know your target audience; in addition, to determine the appropriate style and format of communicating with the audience. According to the business dictionary, the meaning of effective communication is A two way information sharing process which involves one party sending a message that is easily understood by the receiving party. Effective communication by business managers facilitates information sharing between company employeesRead MoreEssay about Business Communication: What is Communication1502 Words   |  7 PagesIntroduction Business communication is abound in todays society. The ability to communicate has always had its advantages, with its rich history, and traditions, modern business communication is valued as a modern day concept. Business executives rate the ability of business communication skills as among the personal factors necessary in gaining a job. As stated by Hynes (2005)† effective business communication is the key to planning, leading, organizing, and controlling the resources of the organizationsRead MoreEfficient Business Communications in Companies Today Means Full Use of Social Media and Modern Technologies1411 Words   |  6 PagesIntroduction Communication is one of the most important factors in any organization or relationship. It is â€Å"the process of people sharing thoughts, ideas, information and feelings with each other in commonly understandable ways† (Hamilton, 2011, p. 3). When you can communicate properly in a business then it runs smoothly without communicational mistakes and misinterpretation. The main purpose of efficient business communications is to generate a positive, reliable and consistent reputation withRead MoreProfessional Communication1467 Words   |  6 PagesContents Page * Introduction 1 * Basic Communication 1 * Classification of Communication 1 * Objectives and purposes of Communications 1 * Scope of Communication in any functional Organization 2 * Different mediums of Communication 2 * Modes of Communication 2 * Barriers to Communication 3 * Principles of Effective Communication 3 * Business Correspondence Letters 3 * Enquiries, Quotations, Complaints

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Bernie Sanders The Longest Serving Independent Essay

#11 Denisse Felix English 1A Monday/ Wednesday September 26, 2016 Bernie Sanders for President Bernie Sanders is the longest serving independent in the United States congressional history. Bernie Sanders was born on September 8, 1941 in Brooklyn. He first attended Brooklyn College and transferred to the University of Chicago, graduating in 1964. While he was a student, he was active in civil rights. Bernie Sanders has also written books, such as Outsider in the White House and Bernie Sanders for President and the Communist Manifesto. He is currently a Democrat, as well as a self-described socialist. He was also a presidential candidate for the 2016 election. Bernie Sanders is a fit candidate due to his ethical lifestyle, his emotional connection with people and his political experience. Bernie Sanders’ suitable ethical lifestyles makes him an adequate presidential candidate. In the article, The Moral Vision of Bernie Sanders, Schulson states, â€Å"... Sanders has been frank about his lack of interest in formal expression of piety.† (Michael Schulson). The word piety is defined as the quality of being religious or reverent. By this statement, we can infer Bernie is capable of separating religion from state. He would not let religion affect his decision making, which is beneficial. The quote Bernie Sanders who calls himself a not particularly religious Jew... (Peter Weber) also explains Sanders being capable of not basing his choices on religion. Also, manyShow MoreRelatedBernie Sanders : The Longest Serving Independent Essay1122 Words   |  5 PagesMonday/ Wednesday September 26, 2016 Bernie Sanders for President Bernie Sanders is the longest serving independent in the United States congressional history. Bernie Sanders was born on September 8, 1941 in Brooklyn. He first attended Brooklyn College and transferred to the University of Chicago, graduating in 1964. While he was a student, he was active in civil rights. Bernie Sanders has also written books, such as Outsider in the White House and Bernie Sanders for President and the Communist ManifestoRead MoreWho Is Bernie Sanders?882 Words   |  4 Pagesvoice to equate? Bernie Sanders was born September 8th, 1974 in Brooklyn New York City, NY. Sanders, indisputably has the most unusual history of anyone in the U.S. Congress. He is the longest serving independent in U.S. congressional history and the only candidate who is not working with Super P.A.C s having decided on primarily soliciting small private contributions. He became U.S senator of Vermont in 2006 and was reelected by capturing almost 71% of the popular vote. Bernie Sanders is a vi able candidateRead MoreBernie Sanders Political Language Essay1402 Words   |  6 PagesBernie Sanders Political Language Essay Bernard â€Å"Bernie† Sanders was a Democratic candidate for the 2016 Presidential elections of the United States. He is now serving his second term as the junior United States Senator from Vermont since 2007. Sanders is the longest-serving independent in the U.S. congressional history, having served 16 years as Vermont’s sole congressman in the House of Representatives. Bernie was born on September 8, 1941, in Brooklyn, New York City. He was an active civil rightsRead MoreMillennials Are Feeling The Bern872 Words   |  4 PagesMillennials are feeling the Bern â€Å"Of the 30,000 young Democrats participating in the caucuses, there was overwhelming support for Sanders...† Who is Bernie and why is he winning majority of the young voters hearts and votes? Bernard Sanders also knowns as Bernie Sanders was born in Brooklyn, New York, in 1941. Mr. Sanders graduated from James Madison high school in Brooklyn and spent one year at Brooklyn College. He then transferred to the University of Chicago, he graduated from there in 1964Read MoreBernie Sanders, A Political And Economic Theory Of Social Organization1703 Words   |  7 PagesOf a handful of democrats and over a dozen republicans, there is one man, Bernie Sanders, who titles himself as a democratic socialist. When people hear â€Å"socialist.† they often run in the other direction, probably because they don’t fully understand what that entails. The official definition of socialism is, â€Å"a political and economic theory of social organization that advocates that the means of production, distribution, and exchange should be owned or regulated by the community as a whole.† A primaryRead MoreBernard, The American Politician And The Junior United States Essay2030 Words   |  9 PagesBernard Bernie Sanders (born September 8, 1941) is an American politician and the junior United States Senator from Vermont. He is a candidate for the Democratic nomination for President of the United States in the 2016 election. A Democrat as of 2015,[2] Sanders had been the longest-serving independent in U.S. congressional history, though his caucusing with the Democrats entitled him to committee assignments and at times gave Democrats a majority. Sanders became the ranking minority member onRead MoreExpanding And Improving The Healthcare System1238 Words   |  5 Pagesmany will have been exposed to the general points of the system previously in addition to having an open outlook on its performance impacting individual care. As the longest serving independe nt member of Congress in American history, you have a strong background and potential to utilize in this campaign (About - Senator Bernie Sanders). Maintain and use the momentum in the Democratic Party to capture the hearts of voters in as many groups as possible while allowing them to familiarize with your faceRead MorePolitical Parties Are Helpful, Or Even Healthy1692 Words   |  7 Pageswith. About one fourth of U.S. voters as of today are not identified with either of the two major political parties. That means there has been about a fifty percent increase over the past ten years, more and more voters are choosing to register as independent. Last November 9.6 million Americans voted for third-party presidential candidates, but despite public support for more political alternatives, these new, minor parties have achieved only a very small existence. With all the bad that surrounds theRead MoreThe Tension Between Liberty And Equality2115 Words   |  9 Pagespresidential hopefu l Senator Bernie Sanders. Though, obviously, Sanders did not win the national primary election and ultimately did not become the Democratic candidate for president, his campaign remains to be incredibly impressive—according to the polls, about 39% of people voted for Sanders in the Democratic Presidential Nomination (Huffpost). Though 39% is not a majority of the American electorate, what makes this figure meaningful is the historic increase in the support for the Sanders campaign and justRead MoreThe Jewish Faith And Culture1922 Words   |  8 Pages For the 2016 presidential election, a Jewish man, Bernie Sanders, a New York senator, ran as a democratic presidential candidate. He gained much notoriety for his forward thinking and support to all types of people. According to an online biography from, â€Å"Senator Bernie Sanders is America’s longest-serving independent politician in Congress and sought the Democratic nomination for president in 2016â⠂¬  (, 2017). Sanders is a prime example of a Jewish America in politics.

Understanding Nutrition Free Essays

Al-Quds University Body Fluid Lab. Report Chemical Examination of Urine Prepared By : Lucia Principles Benedict’s Test for Reducing Sugars Urinary sugars when boiled in Benedict’s reagent reduce copper  sulphate  to a reddish cuprous oxide precipitate in hot alkaline medium, the intensity of which is proportional to the amount of sugar present in the urine. The results are reported as 1+,2+, etc. We will write a custom essay sample on Understanding Nutrition or any similar topic only for you Order Now depending upon the  colour  and intensity of the cuprous oxide precipitate. turbidimetric method protein in urine Quantitative Tests for 24-Hour Specimens. Trichloroacetic acid (TCA) test. The addition of TCA to a urine specimen precipitates the protein in a fine suspension that is quantified spectrophotometrically at 420 nm (nanometers) by comparison with a similarly treated standard. Heat and acetic acid method Heat test: Based on the principle of heat coagulation and precipitation of proteins. If any turbidity appears, add 2 drops of 33% acetic acid. (Acidification is necessary because in alkaline medium heating may precipitate phosphates). If the precipitate is due to proteins, it will increase on acidification and if it is due to phosphates, it will dissolve again. Sulphosalicylic  acid method Urine Protein Sulfosalicylic Acid Precipitation Test (SSA) Principle: Three percent (3%) Sulfosalicylic Acid (SSA reagent) is added to a small and equal volume of clear urine. The acidification causes precipitation of protein in the sample (seen as increasing turbidity), which is subjectively graded as trace,1+, 2+, 3+ or 4+. Bence Jones protein Bence Jones reaction involves heating urine to 140 °F (60 °C). At this temperature, the Bence Jones proteins will clump. The clumping disappears if the urine is further heated to boiling and reappears when the urine is cooled. Other clumping procedures using salts, acids, and other chemicals are also used to detect these proteins. These types of test will reveal whether or not Bence Jones proteins are present, but not how much is present. Hemosiderin Hemosiderin stain is used to indicate the presence of iron storage granules called hemosiderin  by microscopic examination of urine sediment. Granules of hemosiderin stain blue when potassium ferrocyanide is added to the sample. The Prussian blue stain may also be used to identify siderocytes (iron-containing red blood cells [RBCs]) in peripheral blood. The presence of siderocytes in circulating RBCs is abnormal. Urobilinogen This test is based on a modified Ehrlich reaction in which p-diethylaminobenzaldehyde reacts with urobilinogen in a strongly acid medium. Colors range from light pink to bright magenta. Results * Benedict’s Test result for cup # G3 : 4+ Brown color appear. * Turbidimetric method result for cup of 24-hrs urine: Tube| Absorbance| Test+test-blank| 0. 058| Standard+water blank| 0. 010| Calculation : Total protein (mg/dl)=At/Ast ? conc. St 0. 058/0. 010 ? 100=580 mg/dl Total protien(mg/24 hrs) =urine protein (mg/dl)? urine volume(ml)/100 = 580? 2000/100)=11600 mg /dl Normal values :0-150 mg/24 hrs * Heat and acetic acid method and Sulphosalicylic  acid method for cup # P4: 4+ precipitation appeared. * Bence Jones protein for cup # P4 : Clear after 15 min of boiling so negative for Bence Jones protein. * Hemosiderin results :Few Hemosiderin granules was seen under Microscope * Urobilinogen result for cup # G 3:Negative result (no appearance of red color). Interpretation Benedict’s Test for Reducing Sugars Normal urine does not contain any reducing sugar. If protein is present in large amounts, it may interfere with the precipitation of the cuprous oxide. To overcome this problem, precipitate the proteins using 3% SSA filter using a  Whatman  filter paper and use the filtrate to test the amount of sugar present. As a quality control measure, standards containing known amounts of glucose are prepared in saturated benzoic acid and one of the standards is used every day to check the reliability of the patient’s results. The standard results may be transformed in the following semi-quantitative way. turbidimetric method protein in urine For turbidimetric methods, there were no apparent problems of comparative bias between human albumin and serum-based materials and urines used in this study. Perhaps this was because all materials were diluted in 9 g/L saline: turbidimetric methods generally suffer from failure of standards and samples to form precipitates identically,and precipitation may not occur at low protein concentrations in urines of high ionic strength. Heat and acetic acid method This test is sensitive enough to detect protein down to a concentration of 2-3 mg%. If  an alkaline  urine is boiled, the protein may be converted into the so- called â€Å"alkaline  metaprotein†, which is not coagulated by heat. Therefore it is always better to acidify the urine before doing this test. If too much acetic acid is added, the protein may be converted to the so-called â€Å"acid  metaprotein†, which is also not coagulated by heat. Therefore the urine should be only mildly acidic. Sulphosalicylic  acid method The  sulphosalicylic  acid method will not detect protein in  a normal  urine, but will be sensitive enough to detect protein present down to 20mg%. As a quality control measure, a 22g/dl albumin solution can be diluted appropriately with 0. 9 g/dl sodium chloride to get standards containing 20, 50, 200, 500 and 2500 mg/dl proteins. These standards are stable for one month when stored at 2-80C. Bence Jones protein Monoclonal light chain proteinuria (Bence Jones proteinuria) is seen in patients with light chain myeloma, in approximately 50% of those with IgG and IgA myeloma, and in some patients with other lymphoproliferative disorders (eg, macroglobulinaemia) and plasma cell dyscrasias (amyloid). Entire paraprotein molecules may also be detected in serum. Urine protein dipsticks do not detect Bence-Jones protein. Hemosiderin Hemosiderin is present in diseases involving a true siderosis of kidney parenchyma (hemochromatosis). It is also present 2-3 days after an acute hemolytic episode that produces hemoglobinemia and hemoglobinuria. Hemosiderin granules are found in intact renal tubular epithelial cells or occasionally in casts and may also be seen extracellularly. Urobilinogen Interpretation of results will depend upon several factors: the variability of color perception; the presence or absence of inhibitory factors; the presence or absence of inhibitory factors typically found in urine, the specific gravity or the pH; and the lighting conditions under which the product is used. How to cite Understanding Nutrition, Essay examples

The Anschluss free essay sample

This paper explains how Hitlers annexation of Austria was beneficial to Germany during World War II. This paper explains how the Anschluss, or the annexation of Austria to Germany, was one of the most important events in World War II. The author believes that had Hitler not taken over Austria, he would not have been able to gain as much power and domination over Europe as Austria provided the Nazis with land, people and natural resources. Annotated bibliography. Austrias land was a major advantage to the Nazis. Though the country is not enormous in size, its 83,858 kilometers gave Hitler land that he did not have before.(Steeb 1999, pg 2) The country, about the size of Maine made up for Germanys insignificant amount of land. The two countries together could make a much bigger empire then if they were not joined. With more land, the Nazis could take more power over Europe and expand out to other countries as well. We will write a custom essay sample on The Anschluss or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page

Saturday, May 2, 2020

Business Model Canvas of Starbucks For Innovation

Question: Discuss about the Business Model Canvas Model of Starbucks for Innovation. Answer: Introduction Business Model Canvas is used by organizations for building strategy and as a tool for entrepreneurship. It helps describing, challenging, designing, and inventing a companys business model. It is a start up template that helps developing new businesses and documenting the existing business models. Alexander Osterwalder initially proposed this model in his book Business Model Ontology. The following is the template of business model canvas. Starbucks is a coffee chain and is one of among the leading companies in US and around the world. It was found in the year 1971. The company was primarily involved in only selling coffee and coffee machines. However, currently it engages purchasing the whole coffee beans, roasting them and selling them all around the world (Forbes, 2016). BMC as a tool for Innovation at Starbucks The model encompasses the building blocks or activities in its descriptions. Osterwalders work (2010) had proposed that the activities based on similarities could be placed in a single model of reference, within a wide range of business conceptualization. This business model helps in easy description of the business and its strategy (Osterwalder, 2004). The following are the building blocks of Starbucks strategy of business model. Infrastructure Key activities: Every Starbucks store was designed to highlight all quality aspects to its customers. The images, music, surfaces and the coffee at the store is based on the customer satisfaction to create a sense of brand loyalty. Their major or key activities are: coffee beans, seasonal products, complementary products and pastry. Key resources: The key resource functions are Starbucks are its functions in the organization which include financing, human resources, facilities, coffee equipment and accessories and their suppliers. Partner Network: Increasing the business operations and reducing risks in a business calls for a buyer-supplier relationships. The partners of Starbucks are Alsea, Apple, KFC, Pizza Hut and Burger King. Offering Value Propositions: It is the total offerings that a company provides to meet the needs of a customer. The value proposition of a company is what it distinguishes from its competitors. The value proposition of Starbucks over its competitors is based on brand strategy comprising of three components. They are live coffee, service (customer intimacy) and atmosphere (Jacobsen, 2013). Customers Customer Segments: Starbucks focused on the young urban adults i.e. the educated and high-income group as their customer segments. Channels: The major distribution channels of Starbucks include coffee shops, wholesale and direct sales. The various channels where Starbucks gets distributed are special coffees, supermarkets, hotels and airlines. Customer Relationships: Various forms of customer relationships at Starbucks are customer care website, Starbucks card, app (iTunes), fast service, personal attention and quality. Finances Cost Structure: The monetary consequences of a business model are represented here. It is cost driven and value driven. The cost structure of Starbucks includes ingredients, merchandise, equipment, and salaries, building rent, store maintenance and freight. Revenue Streams: It represents the manner in which a company makes revenue from each customer segment. The revenue structure of Starbucks includes coffee, pastry, parcel, merchandise, and partnership. Strategies of Business Model Canvas The business model canvas also includes four different types of strategies that a company could adapt to increase their offerings to customers than its competitors. They are: Long Tailed Bundled Open Innovation Freemium Starbucks could involve these strategies into its BMC to enhance its productivity and increase its brand image. Long Tailed: Under this strategy of BMC the concept relates to selling fewer products with a large number of volumes. The offer made is to niche markets and the customer segments are the large breadth of this offering. Starbucks adapts to this strategy as seasonal model, wherein they introduce beverages that are seasonal in nature. These are introduced on festive lines and those, which cater to a niche market, as favorite holiday beverage (Kline, 2015). Usually introduced during Christmas makes it as a most awaited beverage for its customers. Bundled: Under this strategy of BMC is the manner in which the products are bundled together with a pricing strategy that enables in customers buying more products at one go. Starbucks had introduced an offering of bundled products with pricing techniques. They introduced a value offering breakfast combos, which included a tall cup of coffee and sandwich or a latte and coffee cake or oatmeal. Such offering is aimed at price sensitive customers, who feel that are offered many products at a bundled pricing. Therefore they would purchase more than they would actually do. Open Innovation: This is a strategy under the business model that assumes that a company should make use of external and internal ideas and paths towards market to advance their technology and also share the reward. The open innovation adapted by Starbucks was- My Starbucks Idea through crowdsourcing. They became the first company to adopt as a social media engagement. Under this strategy the company could benefit by following: Getting ideas from customers about how to improve their products and services. Interaction between each other, ability to vote and also comment on this platform. Validation of idea of making payment through mobile devices etc. Freemium: This strategy of business model states that a product f service is offered for free. Customers could get upgraded by paying a little extra for getting an access into expanded area. Starbucks follows Freemium model by Offering their customers an access to their Wi-Fi. Free Access to read premium content like Wall Street Journal through Starbucks Digital Network (Starbucks Company Website). Conclusion A business model canvas of Starbucks described the way it has been designed and implemented for effective business structure. Starbucks business model is an example of how innovation helps in sustaining and beating competition around the globe. References List Osterwalder, Alexander, 2004, The Business Model Ontology, University De Lausanne, viewed 14 November 2004, from Jacobsen, Lauren, M., 2013, Starbucks Value Proposition, viewed July 26 2013, from Kline, Daniel, 2015, The Long Tail Effect From Starbucks Holiday Drinks, viewed November 4 2015, from Starbucks Digital Network (n.d), at